WCP Recommended Curriculum

The WTO and International Trade Regulation

About this course

International trade has been a key area in the trade policy of major countries for decades. The WTO Agreements have represented an enlargement of issues under the multilateral rules to include trade in services, intellectual property, specific rules for subsidies, safeguards, antidumping, agriculture, technical barriers to trade, sanitary and phytosanitary measures, custom valuation, rules of origin amongst others. Recently, the WTO Members have also adopted the Trade Facilitation Agreement, which is a landmark in providing intelligent custom services and information to exporters and importers. In addition to all this changes, the WTO Agreements have also established an enhanced Dispute Settlement mechanism, which is relevant to settle dispute between WTO Members.The WTO has also become a champion in the defence of a freer international trade, advocating for including gender issues and small- and medium-sized enterprises into international trade concerns. This course aims at addressing the landscape of multilateral trade rules, especially directed to Portuguese speaking audience, who represents over 200 million native speakers across the world. Therefore, this course was made to disseminate the knowledge on the Multilateral Trading System for the Portuguese speaking audience.

What you'll learn

This is an online course on international trade for Portuguese speakers. In this course you will be able to learn the main features of the WTO Agreements. It is composed of 13 classes covering the main regulatory and historical aspects of the WTO and the creation and the consolidation of the Multilateral Trading System. It also introduces some of the challenges faced by the international community in implementing WTO rules and in enhancing cooperation between international financial institutions and the WTO. Therefore, the course covers main rules for trading in goods and in services; intellectual property; environment; trade defence; regional trade agreements; non-tariff barriers to trade; and dispute settlement rules. It is a general overview for Portuguese speakers who are willing to continue their studies and researches in the area of international trade.

Course syllabus

1.WTO History and General Principles
2.Trade in Goods and NAMA
3.Trade in Agricultural Goods
4.Trade Defence – Anti-dumping
5.Trade Defence – Subsidies
6.Trade Defence – Safeguards
7.Regulatory Barriers (Non-tariff barriers)
8.Environment and the WTO Agreements
9.Intellectual Property (TRIPS)
10.TRIMs and Global Value Chains
11.Trade in Services (GATS)
12.Regional Trade Agreements and Mega-Agreements
13.The Dispute Settlement Body

Extra materials

  • 1. ALMEIDA, Paulo Roberto de. O Brasil e o FMI desde Bretton Woods: 70 anos de História, in Revista Direito GV 10(2), pp. 469-496, jul-dez 2014.
  • 2. AUBOIN, Marc; RUTA, Michele. The relationship between exchange rates and international trade: a literature review, in World Trade Review 12(3), pp. 577-605, July 2013.
  • 3.BADIN, Michelle Ratton Sanchez; SHAFFER, Gregory; ROSENBERG, Barbara. Os desafios de vencer na OMC: o que está por trás do sucesso do Brasil. São Paulo: Saraiva, 2012.
  • 4. BOSSCHE, Peter van den; PRÉVOST, Denise. Essentials of WTO law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016.
  • 5. BRUMMER, Chris. Why Soft Law dominates International Finance – and not trade, in Journal of International Economic Law 13(3), pp. 623-643, 2010.
  • 6. CANERO, Carla Amaral de Andrade Junqueira. A técnica interpretativa do Órgão de Apelação da Organização Mundial do Comércio. São Paulo: Singular, 2011.
  • 7.CONCONI, Paola; PERRONI, Carlo. Special and Differential Treatment of developing countries in the WTO, in World Trade Review 14(1), pp. 67-86, January 2015.
  • 8.COTTIER, Thomas. International Economic Law in transition from trade liberalization to trade regulation, in Journal of International Economic Law 17, pp. 671-677, 2014.
  • 9. FOLTEA, Marina. International Organizations in WTO Dispute Settlement – How much institutional sensitivity? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
  • 10.HOEKMAN, Bernard M; MAVROIDIS, Petros C. Embracing diversity: plurilateral agreements and the trading system, in World Trade Review 14(1), pp. 101-116, January 2015.
  • 11.JACKSON, John H. The jurisprudence of GATT & the WTO. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
  • 12. LAMY, Pascal. The Place of the WTO and its Law in the International Legal Order, in The European Journal of International Law 17(5), pp. 969-984, 2007.
  • 13. LOWENFELD, Andreas F. The international monetary system: A look back over seven decades, in Journal of International Economic Law 13(3), pp. 575-595, 2010.
  • 14. MAVROIDIS, Petros C. Dealing with PTAs in the WTO: falling through the cracks between ‘judicialization’ and ‘legalization’, in World Trade Review 14(S1), pp. S107-S121, July 2015.
  • 15. MESQUITA, Paulo Estivallet de. A Organização Mundial do Comércio. Brasília: FUNAG, 2013.
  • 16. PRAZERES, Tatiana Lacerda. A OMC e os Blocos Regionais. São Paulo: Aduaneiras, 2008. SALAMA, Bruno Meyerhof. Controles de capital: 70 anos de vai e vem, in Revista Direito GV 10(2), pp. 451-468, Jul-Dez 2014.
  • 17. THORSTENSEN, Vera; FERRAZ, Lucas; NOGUEIRA, Thiago. The Trade Facilitation Agreement and its impacts on the Brazilian transformation industry, in Robert Teh et al (eds.). Trade costs and inclusive growth: case studies presented by WTO chair-holders. Geneva: WTO, 2016, pp. 265-289.
Effort: 10-hours
Level: Bachelor
Language: Portuguese